Lab 4 – Denial of Service (DoS) 9 E. Experimental results and Conclusion 9 VI. Industrial control systems (ICS) are prone to cyber attacks, with water/wastewater infrastructure no exception. The first documented targeted cyber-kinetic attack. WDNs are a prominent critical infrastructure (CI) target!!! Schneier is one of those who uses the Maroochy sewage attack as an example of what is not cyber terrorism. A joint case study on the Maroochy Shire Water Services event examined the attack from a cyber security perspective. Among the simplest definitions of knowledge in literature is offered by Wilson (2002) who states that the term simply refers to what one knows. Future work 9 VII. Later, he left the company … The representative attack cases include the attack on Maroochy Shire Council’s sewage control systems and the Stuxnet worm virus attack on Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems . 26 The adversary disrupted Maroochy Shire's radio-controlled sewage system by driving around with stolen radio equipment and issuing commands with them. Probably the best known example of cyber-related physical damage, this saw the Stuxnet … In March of 2000, an attack in Queensland, Australia victimized the Maroochy Shire Council’s wastewater system. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Learning From the 2000 Maroochy Shire Cyber Attack Public record of an intentional, targeted attack by a knowledgeable person on an industrial control system teaches us to consider: – Critical physical, administrative, and supply chain vulnerabilities – Vulnerabilities coming from suppliers or others outside the organization – Contractor and sub-contractor personnel as a potential attack … The attack was motivated by revenge on the part of Mr. Boden after he failed to secure a job with the Maroochy Shire Council. Lab 2 – Command Injection attack 7 3. Experimental Setup 5 C. Tools 5 D. Experiments 5 1. The Maroochy Water Services case has been cited around the world as an example of the damage that could occur if SCADA systems are not secured. Although this was not the first cyber attack that caused physical effects on infrastructure (we believe that to be the Maroochy Shire attacks of 2000), clearly this is one for the textbooks and deserves study by those who want to know the cyber threat (we promise to treat it in the next edition of our book by that title).. Additional Reporting: Energy Pipeline Operations Affected By Cyberattack Perhaps the first widely known cyber-attack on water CPS was the 2000 Maroochy Shire incident in an era when security issues were not common in SCADA systems (Sayfayn and Madnick 2017). It showed the damage someone with knowledge of a critical system could accomplish, as he released more than 264,000 … The incident was mentioned in a recent report on IT security by the U.S. President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee … Examples of physical damage from cyber attacks 2000: Maroochy Shire Council, Australia. Boden, then in the employ of Hunter Wartech, an Australian installer of SCADA controlled sewage valves, had a difficult relationship with both his employer and the city council of Maroochy Shire, where he had installed equipment. The 2000 Maroochy Shire wastewater attack mentioned previously, on the other hand, was an intentional cyber-kinetic attack, designed by a disgruntled engineer to get revenge on the township that chose not to hire him. 49-year-old Vitek Boden had conducted a series of electronic attacks on the Maroochy Shire sewage control system after a job application he had made was rejected by the area’s Council. In October 2001 an Australian man was sent to prison for two years for what was probably the first hacker generated cyber attack against civilian infrastructure in history. It was a sewage treatment plant that was attacked,” she says, referring to the 2000 Maroochy Shire malicious control system cyberattack in Queensland Australia. CYBER ATTACKS: The Next Frontier Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. However, such cases remain the minority. Cyber Attack Techniques 4 V. Discovering Cyber Vulnerabilities in Water Treatment Plant 5 A. 2009/2010: Natanz nuclear plant, Iran. Keywords cyber attack, cyber security, denial of service, industrial control systems, Maroochy Shire, RasGas, Saudi Aramco, Stuxnet Thirteen years ago, a disgruntled sewer system operator in Maroochy Shire, Australia, filled his car with a laptop and radio equipment apparently stolen from his employer and drove around giving radio commands to the pumps and valves that controlled the local sewers. In 2009, an IT contractor, disgruntled because he was not hired full-time, disabled leak detection alarm systems on three off-shore oil rigs near Long Beach, Calif. Just last year, cyber attackers infiltrated the network of a German steel mill through a phishing scam, eventually … A Polish … This report will however adopt Firestone’s (2013, p.9) definition, which describes knowledge as … An employee of the supplier of a SCADA system used by a water utility became disgruntled after a failed job application and operated that system to release millions of litres of untreated sewage into the environment in Queensland, Australia. Instead, almost 50% of incidents reported have been caused by malware, including … Another fine example would be the mass cyber attack on Estonia in year 2007 during the wake of the … • Hacking of Maroochy Shire WWTP Emerging threats on CPS Nikolopoulos et al., RISKNOUGHT: A Cyber-Physical Stress-Testing Platform For Water Distribution Networks 3 CS 5032 Case study Stuxnet worm, 2013 CS 5032 Case study Maroochy breech, 2013 . 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